Project for democratic union. A Problem of European Identity? Separatist Movements in the EU. 05.03.2014
A Problem of European Identity? Separatist Movements in the EU
Scotland and Catalonia represent two important separatist challenges to their respective nation-states, yet they are also both generally pro-European. How does this apparent contradiction work? By Teona Srmava
A view of Barcelona: Catalonia can claim a distinct national identity from that of Spain
Throughout Europe there are various regions asking for secession from the larger country to which they are tied. 2014 is an important year for the people of Catalonia and Scotland. A referendum on whether Scotland should be an independent country will take place on 18th September. In November 2012, parliamentary elections were held in Catalonia, where political parties in favour of separation held 60 per cent of votes. An unprecedented number of voters on the election was seen as a step towards the independence of Catalonia. In October 2012, almost 1.5 million people took part in a peace march in Catalonia with the motto “Catalonia – the next independent state in Europe”. Politicians in Catalonia demand the right to hold a referendum on independence from Spain. On 11th September last year, hundreds of thousands of Catalans held hands in a 400km human chain across their region to press the Spanish government to let them vote on breaking away and form their own country. Separatist parties in Catalonia set 9th November this year as the date for a proposed independence referendum.